Posts Tagged ‘Student’

Finding a Student Loan Without a Cosigner

March 11th, 2021

Finding a student loan without a cosigner these days is getting harder and harder. Banking institutions are more picky than ever about the kind of people they are willing to lend money to, and really- who can blame them? This has been a rough few years for the financial industry, and they have to protect themselves now. The problem comes when they start protecting themselves from people like you- students who need money to reach their education and career goals, and who have no real income because of their place in the educational journey.

The process of getting a student loan is made easier if you have a co-signer to help you, but not every student has access to a reliable family member or friend with a credit score high enough to be a cosigner. If a parent has bad credit score can not get college loan. Other students have eligible people available, but do not want to risk embarrassment or awkwardness by admitting a need for help. Other students just don’t have the kind of relationship with plausible cosigners to ask them for that kind of help.

If you are a student in any of these situations, then do not give up hope yet. There are still options out there for students with no cosigner. Finding a student loan without a cosigner is possible. This article will give you a few tips you can follow and a few links you can check out to help you find a student loan without a cosigner.

1. The FAFSA

Chances are this is not the first time you have heard FAFSA mentioned. The FAFSA, or the Free Application For Student Aid can be a really huge resource and help for students like you looking for a student loan without a cosigner. The FAFSA takes a while to fill out, which is why many students want to skip this step, but that would be a mistake. The FAFSA can tell you what grants and scholarships are available to students in your particular situation. It can also open up new student loan opportunities- many of them being college loans that do not need cosigners.

The FAFSA can also give you important information about all the different financial aid options that are available to you like is a student loan an installment on credit, or how many credits do I need to get financial aid?

The other great thing about filling out your FAFSA is not only that it is free, but that there are more than likely people hired at your school to specialize in this document. Many colleges have student aid facilities where people are paid to help students just like you fill out the FAFSA properly and get the financial aid they need to be successful. Find these individuals and take advantage of the wonderful gift your college has made available for you. Filling out the FAFSA is a great step towards finding a student loan without a cosigner.

2. Government Loans

There are a number of government loans available right now. Many students pass over these loan options because they do not give out very much at a time. The truth is, no government funded loan will give you all the money you need for a semester unless you also have some kind of scholarship. However, even if $2,000 from a Perkins loan won’t pay all your bills, it is $2,000 more than you would have had without the Perkins loan, and that is no small drop in the bucket. Plus- they are all offered without cosigners. Here are some of the government loans we think you should look into:

Subsidized Stafford Loan: This is the best government loan out there for students. It is a student loan without a cosigner. It is a student loan without a credit check. It is a student loan without hefty interest payments because it has been subsidized. Apply for a Stafford Loan, and you will almost certainly qualify for a student loan without a cosigner.

Unsubsidized Stafford Loan: This is the same as the previous no cosigner student loan except that the interest is not subsidized, so you will pay out more over the life of the loan than the subsidized loan.

Perkins Loan: These loans are great and easy to apply for, but are not as popular as they have a cap on the amount they can give both per year, and overall. They are a no credit check student loan and a student loan without cosigner- so definitely something to look into.

In the end- all of these loans can get you what you need without a student loan cosigner and student loan no credit checks Canada or US, but all of these loan options can give you more money if you have a co-signer. If you have simply been afraid to ask someone to take a risk on you, then you will want to have them look into these loans as they are much less risky and the interest rates are much lower than the student loans you will find at a bank.

Look For Local Boosters

If you are going to college, then you are most likely living in a college town. Here is a little secret about college towns- they NEED college students! They love you. Local businesses thrive off of you. Local housing owners survive by you. The population of the town you live in might complain heavily about all the noisy college goers- but they need you, and this makes for a lot of local boosters and scholarship opportunities. Look around for local opportunities to get supported through school. The average student with poor credit needs $7,000 loan per semester to get through school. Many need more, depending on the school, area, and situation of the student. A good way to get a head start on that $7,000 is to get help from the local businesses that need your presence to survive.

The History of Student Loans in Bankruptcy

February 11th, 2021

Student loans are basically non-dischargeable, almost everyone knows this. There are some very specific circumstances where even today you can have your student loan debt discharged, but that is a narrow exception that often requires a fight and money to fight. We will discuss the current state of dischargeability in a future post.

The landscape around student loans and bankruptcy has not always been so desolate. Not so long ago these loans were dischargeable. Back when they were dischargeable, the cost of an education was much lower and the total student loan debt was a fraction of what it is now. With student loan debt currently being a 1,200,000,000,000.00 (One Trillion Two Hundred Billion) dollar problem holding people back from purchasing homes or taking part in the broader economy, with a little help they may become dischargeable yet again.

A Brief History.

Student loans really did not pop into existence in America until 1958 under the National Defense Education Act. 1. These loans were offered as a way to encourage students to pursue math and science degrees to keep us competitive with the Soviet Union. 2. In 1965, the Guaranteed Student Loan or Stafford Loan program was initiated under the Johnson Administration. Over time, additional loan programs have come into existence. The necessity of loans for students has become greater as the subsidies universities receive have fallen over time. Take Ohio State for example. In 1990, they received 25% of their budget from the state, as of 2012 that percentage had fallen to 7%. In the absence of state money, universities and colleges have increased tuition to cover the reduction in state money.

The Rising Cost of Education.

The cost of higher education adjusted for inflation over time goes something like this, in 1980 the average cost for tuition room and board at a public institution was $7,587.00 in 2014 dollars and by 2015 it had gone up to $18,943.00 in 2014 dollars. The cost of a higher education in 35 years with inflation accounted for has gone up by 2.5 times. Compare this to inflation adjusted housing costs which have remained nearly unchanged, increasing just 19% from 1980 to 2015 when the bubble and housing crisis is removed. 3. Or compare to wages which, except for the top 25%, have not increased over that same time period. Looking at affordability in terms of minimum wage it is clear that loans are more and more necessary for anyone who wants to attend university or college. In 1981, a minimum wage earner could work full time in the summer and make almost enough to cover their annual college costs, leaving a small amount that they could cobble together from grants, loans, or work during the school year. 4. In 2005, a student earning minimum wage would have to work the entire year and devote all of that money to the cost of their education to afford 1 year of a public college or university. 5. Now think about this, there are approximately 40 million people with student loan debt somewhere over the 1.2 trillion dollar mark. According to studentaid.gov, seven million of those borrowers are in default, that is roughly 18%. Default is defined as being 270 days delinquent on your student loan payments. Once in default, the loan balances increase by 25% and are sent to collections. The collections agencies get a commission on collected debt and are often owned by the very entity that originated the loans, i.e. Sallie Mae.

The Building of the Student Debt Prison.

Prior to 1976 student loans were dischargeable in bankruptcy without any constraints. Of course, if you look back at statistics from that time, there wasn’t much student debt to speak of. When the US Bankruptcy Code was enacted in 1978, the ability to discharge student loans was narrowed. Back then, in order to have your loans discharged, you had to be in repayment for 5 years or prove that such a repayment would constitute an undue hardship. The rationale for narrowing the discharge was that it would damage the student loan system as student debtors flocked to bankruptcy to have their debt discharged. The facts, however, did not support this attack. By 1977 only .3% of student loans had been discharged in bankruptcy. 6. Still, the walls continued to close on student debtors. Up until 1984, only private student loans made by a nonprofit institution of higher education were excepted from discharge. 7. Next with the enactment of the Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act of 1984, private loans from all nonprofit lenders were excepted from discharge. In 1990, the period of repayment before a discharge could be received was lengthened to 7 years. 8. In 1991, the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 allowed the federal government to garnish up to 10% of disposable pay of defaulted borrowers. 9. In 1993, the Higher Education Amendments of 1992 added income contingent repayment which required payments of 20% of discretionary income to be paid towards Direct Loans. 10. After 25 years of repayment the remaining balance was forgiven. In 1996 the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 allowed Social Security benefit payments to be offset to repay defaulted federal education loans. 11. In 1998, the Higher Education Amendments of 1998 struck the provision allowing education loans to be discharged after 7 years in repayment. 12. In 2001, the US Department of Education began offsetting up to 15% of social security disability and retirement benefits to repay defaulted federal education loans. In 2005, “the law change” as we call it in the Bankruptcy field further narrowed the exception to discharge to include most private student loans. Since private student loans were given protection from discharge in bankruptcy there has been no reduction in the cost of those loans. 13. If the rational for excepting student loans from discharge is that the cost to students to obtain loans would soar, this fact would seem to lay waste to that argument.

In the wake of the slow march towards saddling our students with unshakable debt, the government created a couple of ways to deal with government backed student loans outside of bankruptcy. In 2007 the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 added income based repayment which allows for a smaller repayment than income contingent repayment, 15% of discretionary income and debt forgiveness after 25 years. 14. In 2010, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 created a new version of income-based repayment cutting the monthly payment to 10% of discretionary income with debt forgiveness after 20 years. 15. This new improved income based repayment plan is only for borrowers who have no loans from before 2008. Further, those with loans in default, will not qualify for income based repayment unless they first rehabilitate those loans. If you are interested in seeing if your loans qualify for income based repayment or income contingent repayment please visit student aid dot gov. Unfortunately, none of these programs do anything to deal with private loans, a growing problem currently at around $200,000,000,000.00 (Two Hundred Billion) or around 16% of the total student loan debt.

What Can We Do?

The cost of education is relentlessly marching upward, the need for a higher education to earn a living wage is only becoming greater, and the ability of our graduates to repay these loans is diminishing. Why is the cost of education outpacing inflation by so much? Why are state and local governments reducing funds they used to devote to college students? These are questions that need to be addressed as well. My focus is on the unavailability of a real discharge option and how it is weighing down the rest of the economy. This is a problem. On September 8, 2015, Michigan Congressman Dan Kildee introduced a bill in Congress intended to reduce the burden on students and their families caused by the increasing costs of education and the financial stress of student loans. 16. The proposed legislation would do away with the exception to discharge listed in 11 U.S.C. § 523 (a)(8). If you want to have your say on this